Radical Party

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Radical Party may refer to any of a number of political parties professing the progressive-liberal ideology known as Radicalism:



In the western Mediterranean European countries, Radicalism was one of the major political movements between 1848 and 1940. Such parties were often labelled 'Democratic', 'Radical democratic', or 'Radical liberal' parties:

  • In France:
  • In Italy:
    • Italian Radical Party (1877–1925)
    • Radical Party (Italy) (1955–1989)
    • Italian Radicals (2001–present)
    • Radical Socialist Movement (2006-present), formed by dissidents members of the Radicals of the Left
    • Liberty and Equality (2010-present), formed by dissidents members of the Radicals of the Left
  • In Spain, Radicalism took the form of various parties labelled 'democratic', 'progressive', 'radical' and 'republican':
    • the Progressive Party (1835–69), formed by former participants in the radical Revolution of 1820;
    • the Democratic Party (1849–69) a Spanish progressive party of Jacobin and 1848er inspiration, active in the 1850s.
    • the Federal Democratic Republican Party (1868–1910)
    • the Democratic Radical Party (1869–80), successor the Progressive Party. It was refounded in 1880, following splinters, as the Progressive Democratic Party (1880–1912)
    • the successor Democratic Party (1876–9) reformed as the Possibilist Democratic Party (1879–90)
    • The Radical-Republican Party (1908–40), a splinter of the Progressive Democratic Party;
    • Its splinter, the Radical-Socialist Republican Party (1928–34). This merged with others to form the Republican Left (1934–59)
    • A second splinter of the Radical-Republican Party formed the Republican Democratic Party and Republican Union (1934–59)

In the Dutch-speaking, German-speaking and Nordic countries, the English or French term Radical was represented by terms that literally translated as 'Free-Minded' (or, alternatively, as 'Freethinker' or 'Rationalist'), including:

In south-eastern Europe, Radicalism was also a historically important political movement:

In Central and Eastern Europe, Radicalism was less potent but nonetheless prominent political force:

United Kingdom[edit]

South America[edit]









  • Meri-Israeli Radical Camp (1960s-1970s)


New Zealand[edit]

See also[edit]